Athletes’ Mental health: Approaching a Clinical Sport Psychology
Mental health problems in athletes have largely been ignored in the past. During the last decades it became obvious that the prevalence of psychological disorders in sports is at least comparable to the general population. Burnout and depression are the most prevalent problems. Especially in junior athletes depression is more prevalent compared to non athletes in the same age group. However, sports differ with individual sports being more susceptible burnout and depression than team sports. Meanwhile research has identified several determinants of mental problems in sport. Prevention programs, especially for young athletes, are being developed.
Moral action in sport: Why does it matter?
Helping an opponent off the floor, encouraging a teammate after a mistake, and intentionally injuring or verbally abusing another player are examples of prosocial and antisocial sport behaviors, respectively. As well as influencing the recipient’s physical and psychological welfare, these behaviors have achievement related consequences. Our research shows that prosocial behavior may enhance the recipient’s enjoyment, effort, commitment, and performance, whereas antisocial behavior could lead to anger. Context differences in prosocial and antisocial behaviors have also been observed: Student athletes display more antisocial behavior towards their opponents compared to their fellow students but also more prosocial behavior towards their teammates than towards their fellow students. Context differences in antisocial behavior could be explained by ego orientation and moral disengagement
Sport or school, or dual career? Athletes’ transition to adulthood
Dual career is a relatively recent policy and academic discourse that aims to safeguard welfare and vocational futures of talented athletes in Europe. Approaching dual career construction as both the development process and product, I examine psychosocial underpinnings of (mal)adaptive athletes ‘ pathways through adolescence. The ensuing discussion is situated in cultural and developmental psychology by focusing on the cultural context of elite sports, in which youth athletes interpret and respond to the dual career political actions, to derive implications for their future orientation, career decision-making, and wellbeing.
“Performance in Sport: A Psychophysiological Perspective”
The pros and cons of competition have long been discussed. On the one hand, some argue that competition creates too much pressure and has no place in sport, whereas on the other hand, others argue that competition brings out the best in athletes. These contrasting viewpoints will be weighed up before examining how psychophysiological methods can be used to guide study of the effects of competition on our thoughts, feelings and actions